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Thirteen Virtues of Benjamin Franklin

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1. Temperance.

  • Eat not to Dullness.
  • Drink not to Elevation.

2. Silence.

  • Speak not but what may benefit others or your self.
  • Avoid trifling Conversation.

3. Order.

  • Let your Things have their Places.
  • Let each Part of your Business have its Time.

4. Resolution.

  • Resolve to perform what you ought.
  • Perform without fail what you resolve.

5. Frugality.

  • Make no Expense but to do good to others or yourself: Waste nothing

6. Industry.

  • Lose no time. Be always employ’d in something useful.
  • Cut off all unnecessary Actions.

7. Sincerity.

  • Use no hurtful deceit. Think innocently and justly; and, if you speak, speak accordingly.

8. Justice.

  • Wrong none, by doing Injuries or omitting the Benefits that are your Duty.

9. Moderation.

  • Avoid extremes. Forbear resenting Injuries so much as you think they deserve.

10. Cleanliness.

  • Tolerate no Uncleanness in Body, Clothes, or Habitation.

11. Tranquility.

  • Be not disturbed at Trifles, or at Accidents common or unavoidable.

12. Chastity.

  • Rarely use Venery (sexual intercourse) but for Health  or Offspring (children), never to Dullness, Weakness, or the Injury of your own or another; s Peace or Reputation.

13. Humility.

  • Imitate Jesus and Socrates.

“My intention being to acquire the habitude of all these Virtues, I judg’d it would be well not to distract my Attention by attempting the whole at once, but to fix it on one of them at a time; and when I should be Master of that, then to proceed to another, and so on, till I should have gone thro’ the thirteen… I determined to give a Week’s strict Attention to each of the Virtues successively. Proceeding thus to the last, I could go thro’ a Course complete in Thirteen Weeks, and four Courses in a Year…”  (Benjamin Franklin)  

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